The Beqaa Valley is a fertile valley in eastern Lebanon and its most important agricultural region.
It is home to Lebanon's famous vineyards and wineries which annually produces more than 6 million bottles of wines. Wine making has been a tradition in Lebanon for over 6000 years. The Beqaa Valley offers very favourable climate and altitude for grape cultivation. The region is about 1000 m above sea level with high levels of rainfall and sunshine in summer which is conducive for grapes to ripen.
Baalbek, the well known ancient Roman ruins, sits in the Beqaa Valley. Baalbek was originally dedicated to the Canaanite god, Baal. Later, it was renamed Heliopolis by the Romans who built an impressive temple complex for Bacchus, Jupiter, Venus and the Sun. Today, the annual Baalbeck International Festival takes place here and attracts artists and audience globally.